Facial hair is common in men, and this is among the major changes that occur during puberty. However, there are also women who start experiencing the same, and this mostly happens after menopause. The hairs can grow in various places such as the upper lip, below the lower lip, on the cheeks and on the chin. It can take a couple of years for some men to develop a full beard.
Facial hair in men
Facial hair in men is more common than that in women. These the are factors that cause facial hair in men.
The growth of facial hair in men is considered normal and there are some who even feel concerned if this is delayed. This is so because some people tend to associate beards, mustaches and stubbles with maturity, dominance and masculinity.
Increased production of testosterone
Development of facial hairs in teenage boys is linked to increased production of the sex hormone called testosterone. The hormone is also responsible for other major developments that happen during puberty.
Although the level of testosterone produced in men is almost the same, growth of facial hair starts at different times, and there’s also a variation in the amount of time it takes to develop a full beard. These variations have been linked to genetics where people are more likely to grow facial hair if this is common in their families.
Facial hair in women
Facial hair is less common in women. There are various factors that contribute to growth of female facial hair. These include the following.
During the time of menopause
Unlike men, women do not get facial hair during puberty, and this usually happens as they approach menopause. This is a development that is not appreciated by most women, and it is common for them to opt for facial hair removal.
Due to hormonal imbalance
Hormonal imbalance has been shown to cause Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), a condition that promotes growth of cysts on the ovaries. This health problem is highly associated with the growth of facial hair in women. People with PCOs are also likely to experience infertility problems and irregular periods.
Some adrenal gland disorders caused by hormonal imbalance can also contribute to excessive hair growth in women. These include adrenal tumors, adrenal cancer, Cushing’s disease and congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
There are certain medications that have been linked to the excessive growth of facial hair in women including high amount of testosterone, anabolic steroids, Minoxidil commonly used in stimulating hair growth, and Cyclosporine that is used as an immunosuppressant drug.
There are still other factors that can stimulate the growth of excessive facial hair in women including genetics and certain birth control pills.
In order to decide on the most effective way of dealing with excessive facial hair, the doctor will most likely start by checking out your medical history. This may be followed by several tests to establish the specific cause and decide on the right treatment.
Some of the solutions that can be suggested include hormonal balance, use of antiandrogen medications, electrolysis, laser hair removal, waxing or shaving and use of medicated creams. You should be fully engaged in deciding on the right solution for your situation.